Turns out that's called 'Reverse Logistics'

Per usual, a line of thinking which struck me as somewhat original, did so only because of my ignorance. Dealing with bills of materials is called logistics, if you start with the stuff and are tasked with putting it to use, that's Reverse logistics.

The definition talks about surplus and returns, the footnotes do include a link to Waste management concepts, but the primary concern is with pre-consumer supply chain issues. The challenge, and prize, is post-consumer.